Holden Astra service and repair manuals

The Holden Astra is a compact auto that has been advertised by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. Badge technology or rebadging is the application of the different brand or trademark with an existing product plus subsequently advertising the variant

Holden Astra TS Zafira TT 1998 2005 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Holden Astra TS and Zafira TT 1998-2005 Haynes Owners Service and Repair ManualOther Holden Astra Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Holden Astra (TS) Zafira (TT) 1998-2005 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers models: Holden Astra Hatchback Sedan and Wagon and Zafira MPV models with Petrol engines including special / limited editions. #9679; DOES NOT cover bi-fuel models 1.6 L Twinport or 2.0 L turbo engines coupe or convertible. #9679; DOES NOT cover AH series introduced Sept 2004.Petrol Engines Covered: #9679; 1.4 litre (1389cc) DOHC - X14XE Z14XE #9679; 1.6 litre (1598cc) SOHC - X16SZR (single point injection) #9679; 1.6 litre (1598cc) SOHC - Z16SE (multi-point injection) #9679; 1.6 litre (1598cc) DOHC - X16XEL Z16XE #9679; 1.8 litre (1796cc) DOHC - X18XE1 Z18XE Z18XEL #9679; 2.0 litre (1998cc) DOHC - X20XEV #9679; 2.2 litre (2198cc) DOHC - Z22SETransmissions described: #967

Nissan Pulsar N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 1991 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Get other Holden repair manuals hereNissan Pulsar N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers Australian models only.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ.Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here..

Holden Vauxhall Opel Astra 1991 1998 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Holden (Vauxhall/Opel) Astra 1991 - 1998 Haynes proprietors solution repairs ManualOther Holden Astra automobile fix Manuals click on this link unique paperback Holden (Vauxhall / Opel) Astra 1991 - 1998 Haynes people Service Repair guide British manual since the Opel/Vauxhall Astra 1991 - 1998 marketed in Australia from August 1996 as the Holden TR show Astra. The engines covered are: Saloon Hatchback property and Van like Special/Limited versions 1991 - 1998. Motors Covered: 1.4 L (1389cc) SOHC 4 cylinder petrol (Engine codes 14NV 14SE C14NZ X14NZ C14SE) 1.4 L (1389cc) DOHC 4 cylinder petrol (Engine signal X14XE Ecotec) 1.6 L (1598cc) SOHC 4 cylinder petrol (System codes C16NZ C16SE X16SZ X16SZR) 1.6 L (1598cc) DOHC 4 cylinder petrol (System rule X16XEL Ecotec) 1.8 L (1796cc) SOHC 4 cylinder petrol (System rule

Nissan Pulsar Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 1991

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Nissan Pulsar / Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 Gregorys Owners Service and Repair ManualOther Nissan Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar/Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 1987 - 1991 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers models: #9679; Pulsar and Vector N13 Series - GL GX Q GXE SSS and Ti 1987 - 1991 #9679; Astra LD Series - SL SLX and SLE 1987 - 19894 Cylinder Engines covered: #9679; 1.6 Litre #9679; 1.8 LitreContents: #9679; Introduction #9679; Vehicle Identification General Specifications #9679; General Information #9679; Lubrication maintenance #9679; Wheels Tyres #9679; Engine Tune-Up #9679; Roadside Trouble Shooting #9679; Engine #9679; Cooling Heating Systems #9679; Fuel and Engine Management #9679; Emission Control #9679; Clutch #9679; Manual Transaxle D

Holden Astra AH Petrol (Vauxhall Opel) 2004 2008 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Holden Astra Petrol 2004 - 2008 (Vauxhall / Opel) Haynes people Service restoration ManualOther Holden Astra vehicle restoration guides just click here NEW hardback British guide addressing Holden Astra AH (Vauxhall/ Opel) Petrol 2004 - 2008 Haynes people services repairs guide covers: Hatchback recreation Hatch Estate with Petrol Engines including special/limited editions released in Australia while the Holden Astra AH.Engines protected: 1.4 litre (1364cc) petrol (Z14XEP and Z14XEL) 1.6 litre (1598cc) petrol(Z16XEP) 1.8 litre (1796cc) petrol(Z18XE and Z18XER) Does NOT address 1.6 litre or 2.0 litre turbo machines 1.6 litre VVT motor or double gas systems. Transmissions Covered: kinds F13 (1.4-litre engine) and F17+ (1.6- and 1.8-litre machines) 5-speed manual Type AF17 4-speed automatic sort F13 MTA (1.4-litre) and F17

Holden Astra Zafira TS TT 1998 2005 Gregorys Service Repair Manual

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Holden Astra TS series TT show Zafira 1.8 and 2.2 Litre Service and repairs Manual 1998-2005 Gregorys Other Holden Astra vehicles fix Manuals follow this link brand new paperback Holden Astra Zafira TS TT 1998 - 2005 Gregorys proprietors solution restoration guide addresses Sedan Hatchback Wagon.Models protected: - Astra TS show 1998 - 2005 - Zafira TT Series 2001 - 2005 Engines Covered: - 1.4 litre X14XE Z14XE - 1.6 litre X16XL Z16XE - 1.8 litre X18XE1 Z18XE Z18XEL - 2.0 litre X20XEV - 2.2 litre Z22SEContents: - Living With their Holden Astra / Zafira - Roadside repair works - Weekly inspections - Lubricants and Fluids - system repair and Servicing - fixes and Overhaul - motors - 1.4 litre 1.6 litre 1.8 litre 2.0 litre DOHC - motor - 2.2 litre DOHC - system Removal and Overhaul processes - Cooling hvac - gas and fatigue methods - Emission Control methods - creating and Charging Systems - Clutch - autom

Holden Frontera Service Repair Manual

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Holden Frontera 1991 - 1998 Haynes Owners Service and Repair ManualNEW paperbackCovers the Vauxhall Opel know in Australia as the Holden Frontera. covers all models including special/limited editionsPetrol engines: 2.0 litre (1998cc) 2.2 litre (2198cc) 2.4 litre (2410cc)Turbo-Diesel engines: 2.3 litre (2260cc) 2.5 litre (2499cc) 2.8 litre (2771cc)Production years 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 and 1998.Does NOT cover revised Frontera range introduced October 1998Inside the Manual Basic maintenance simple weekly checks Service your car - complete step-by-step guide Fault finding - pinpoint specific problems easily Roadside Emergencies - how to deal with them Pass the MOT step-by-step test checks Reference section - includes a detailed glossary Braking system safety checks and repairs Fuel and ignition systems - explained Electrical system - fault finding and repairs Engine - tune-up minor and major repairs Wiring diagrams - easy-to-follow layout Fully indexed - find information quickly

Nissan Pulsar N12 Holden Astra LB LC 1982 1987

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Get other Holden repair manuals hereNissan Pulsar N12 Holden Astra LB LC 1982 - 1987 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual: Australian models only.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ.Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us

Holden Astra AH Diesel (Vauxhall Opel ) 2004-2008 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Holden Astra Diesel 2004 - 2008 (Vauxhall / Opel) Haynes Owners Service Repair ManualOther Holden Astra Car Repair Manuals click here NEW hardback UK manual covering Holden Astra AH (Vauxhall/ Opel) Diesel 2004 - 2008 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Hatchback Sport Hatch Estate with Turbo-Diesel Engines including special/limited editions.Engines Covered: 1.3 litre (1248 cc) 4 cylinder turbo-diesel Z13DTH 1.7 litre (1686 cc) 4 cylinder turbo-diesel Z17DTL and Z17DTH 1.9 litre (1910 cc) 4 cylinder turbo-diesel Z19DTH Does NOT cover TwinTop models or Easytronic Transmission. Covers 5 speed and 6 speed manual transmissions M20 F17+ F23 and M32 as well as the six speed automatic transmission. Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditi

Nissan Pulsar Astra N12 Series 1982 1987 Gregorys Service Repair Manual

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Get various other Nissan restoration guides hereNissan Pulsar Astra N12 Series 1982 - 1987 Gregorys Owners provider Repair guide Covers: Pulsar brands: N12 show - E GL GX DX GLX 1982 - 1987 Astra designs: pound LC show - SLX SLE 1984 - 1987Engine capability: 1.3 litre 1.5 litre 1.6 litre (4 cyl)Covers all you need to know detailed processes hundreds of pictures and illustrations routine repair wiring diagrams repair works and overhauls and just what equipment buying. Gregorys manuals derive from a genuine automobile stripdown and are explored and authored by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregorys workshop manuals are manufactured when it comes to Australian marketplace. These car specifications can vary from those marketed far away. Please be familiar with these feasible differences before with the data c

The Holden Astra is a compact auto that has been advertised by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. Spanning five decades, the authentic, Australia-only Astra of 1984 had been a derivative of the locally-produced Nissan Pulsar, because was the 1987 Astra. It was succeeded by the Holden Nova inside 1989—another unique-to-Australia model line. From 1995, the Holden Astra name was chosen inside New Zealand, for a badge designed variation of the Opel Astra, that had been available nearby because an Opel because 1993. The following year, Holden discontinued the Nova line inside Australia inside favour of the Opel-based Holden Astra. This approach stayed inside region for the 4th plus fifth decades, introduced inside 1998 plus 2004, respectively. Holden discontinued the Astra inside August 2009 plus changed it with all the Cruze, introduced 2 months before.

Badge technology or rebadging is the application of the different brand or trademark with an existing product plus subsequently advertising the variant because a distinct product. Due with the significant expense of designing plus technology a unique model or establishing a brand, it is actually cheaper with rebadge a product when or several instances than with create different models. The term is a misnomer because small actual technology occurs.

The expression originated with all the practice of changing an automobile's emblems with create an ostensibly modern model. Differences can be limited with merely badges plus emblems, or can encompass minor styling variations, because with aesthetic variations with headlights, tail lights, plus front plus back fascias. More extreme examples include differing machines plus drivetrains.

Then normal, Badge technology is distinct from platform sharing because an vehicle platform can be chosen with different applications, for illustration, utilizing a single platform because the basis for sedan plus sport utility car model variations.

The initially case of badge technology started inside 1917 with all the Texan car assembled inside Fort Worth, Texas, which used Elcar bodies prepared inside Elkhart, Indiana.

"Probably the industry's initially illustration of 1 auto becoming another" happened inside 1926 whenever Nash Motors' newly introduced smaller-sized Ajax models were discontinued inside 1926 following over 22,000 Ajax vehicles were available throughout the brand's inaugural year. The Chairman plus CEO of the organization, Charles W. Nash, ordered which the Ajax models be advertised because the "Nash Light Six", a recognized plus respected vehicle brand that has been the name of the company's founder. Production was stopped for 2 days thus Nash emblems, hubcaps, plus radiator shells might be exchanged about all unshipped Ajax vehicles. Conversion kits were moreover distributed at no charge with Ajax owners with transform their vehicles plus safeguard the investment they had prepared inside buying an car produced by Nash.

A later illustration was Wolseley Motors Limited following it was purchased out by William Morris. After World War I the "Wolseley began to reduce its identity plus eventually succumbed with badge technology." This was repeated with all the consolidation of Austin Motor Company as well as the Nuffield Organisation with shape the British Motor Corporation. The rationalization of creation with gain efficiencies "didn't extend with marketing" plus every "model was modified, by variation inside trim plus accessories, with appeal with customer loyalties for who the badge denoting the organization of origin was an significant marketing benefit ... 'Badge Engineering', because it became recognized, was symptomatic of the plan of sales competition amongst the constituent companies."

The authentic Holden Astra, introduced inside August 1984 because the LB series became a badge designed Nissan Pulsar. The Pulsar, a Japanese tailored model, available alongside the distinctive with Australia Astra line-up. The Pulsar for Australia was assembled inside Clayton, Victoria; still, for the Astra the body panels were pushed at Holden's Elizabeth, South Australia center. Unlike its Nissan counterpart, the Astra was just available because a five-door hatchback, with all the three-door hatchback plus four-door sedan body designs omitted within the range due with worries they might overlap with Nissan's own Pulsar range. But, Holden's continuation of the Gemini sedan range was the closest similar of the inside the range.
1984–1986 Holden LB Astra SL/E

The just engine accessible became a Nissan-designed 1.5 litre engine, nearby produced, this engine yielded 52 kilowatts plus 115 newton metres of torque. Transmission choices were a five-speed guide or perhaps a three-speed automatic.

Compared with the N12 Pulsar, the Astra LB sported a distinctive grille, the function of Australian stylist Paul Beranger housing the Holden lion insignia inside the centre. Additionally special were Astra-only tail lights, badging plus decals.

A revised LC model was introduced inside April 1986. Unleaded-fuel needs uprated the engine displacement with 1.6 litres, force by 0.6 kilowatts plus torque with 124 newton metres. Model plus trim changes were moreover a element of the update, including a brand-new grille insert, as well as the addition of a SL model placed under the SL/X plus SL/E degrees.

The Used Car Safety Ratings, published inside 2008 by Monash University, found which initial generation Astras give a "greatly worse than average" amount of resident protection security inside the event of a accident.
Specification levels

Two trim degrees, the SL/X as well as the SL/E were available inside the LB Astra series, though a simple SL model arrived inside 1986 with all the LC upgrade.

SL: entry-level model accessible on the LC's introduction.

SL/X: introduced with LB series showcased cloth trim, a digital clock along with a combined radio recipient plus Compact Cassette player.

SL/E: added alloy wheels amidst additional qualities with the equipment list. But, the LC update saw the SL/E specification downgraded from alloy wheels with steel wheels with plastic wheel covers.

Second generation

For the 2nd generation LD Astra, the Nissan Pulsar was again employed because the basis, this time utilizing the newest N13 series. Unlike before, the LD was the outcome of the right joint venture development programme. That is, Nissan offered the bodywork plus Holden provided powertrains for fitment inside both applications. Launched concurrently inside July 1987, both the LD Astra plus N13 Pulsar were available inside four-door sedan plus five-door hatchback body designs. Outside of Australia though, three-door hatchback plus station wagon body variants of the Nissan were equally accessible.

Both 1.6; 135 newton metres) plus 1.8 litre; 151 newton metres) displacements of Holden's Family II engine were available inside the Astra-Pulsar models. Badged because "1.6-" plus "1.8 injection", respectively, the expression injection denoted the utilisation of gas injection. In July 1989, all associations with Nissan were severed along with a brand-new agreement between Toyota was created. This relationship, termed as the United Australian Automobile Industries had been a continuation of the Austraian Government's Button Plan which began with Nissan. Nissan continued with utilize the Holden motors till 1991 before substituting their N13 Pulsar line with all the N14, whilst simultaneously entering a hot model sharing alliance with Ford.

The Used Car Safety Ratings evaluation from 2008 found which LD series Astras give a "worse than average" amount of resident security inside the event of a accident.

Of the 3 trim requirements available, the SLX plus SLE nameplates no longer showcased the "/" signal, because inside SL/X. Besides this anomaly, the LD range mirrored which of the LC Astra:

SL: entry-level variant, accessible just because five-door hatchback, featuring the five-speed guide transmission plus 1.6 litre engine combination. The brake setup for the LD series Astra in almost any specification had been a disc/drum setup, while the similar Australian Pulsars had four-wheel disk brakes because standard.

SLX: was the 2nd tier variant fitted with all the 1.8 litre engine inside combined with either a five-speed guide or three-speed automatic transmission. The SLX furthermore showcased full plastic wheel trims, because opposed with the steel centre hubcap fitted with the SL.

SLE: was the greatest deluxe level about provide was the greatest specification available, accessible just because an automatic 1.8 litre. The SLE was similar with Pulsar's GXE specification.

HSV Astra SV1800: became a Holden Special Vehicles tuned adaptation of the LD Astra. Introduced inside September 1988, nearly all of the 65 or thus examples employed the sedan body design. Upgrades within the standard Astra were limited with aesthetic plus suspension changes, with both "Stage 1" plus "Stage 2" suspension setups available.

In 1995, Holden started marketing the Astra again inside the New Zealand marketplace because a four-door sedan plus five-door hatchback. Imported from Vauxhall's Ellesmere Port plant inside Cheshire, England, this third-generation Astra model well-known as the TR series, was extracted within the Opel Astra F inside Germany; Opel being another General Motors subsidiary. But, this was simply a rebadging of the existing Opel model which was advertised inside New Zealand because 1993 because the Opel Astra.

Holden inside Australia didn't recommence the marketing of Astras till September 1996, following the dissolution of Australian Government Button auto program. This lead to the collapse of UAAI, the Holden-Toyota alliance, plus because happen Holden opted with return with advertising rebadged General Motors cars. Between 1989 plus 1996, the Astra's character was satisfied by the Nova, Holden's adaptation of Toyota's Corolla. During this period of badge technology inside Australia, General Motors New Zealand had selected Opel because 1 of its leading marques alongside Holden plus Isuzu. Because the Button program or neighborhood similar not existed inside New Zealand, the 2 initial decades of Holden Astra were therefore not obtainable in which marketplace.

Like the 2 past decades, TR Astras were evaluated inside the 2008 Used Car Safety Ratings, plus shown with offer an "average" amount of security.

City: was the introductory model featuring a driver's airbag, central locking, plus force steering. The engine plus transmission combination consisted of the 1.6 litre engine; 135 newton metres) with a five-speed guide.
GL: editions were fitted with front fog lights, electrical side mirrors along with a tachometer over the City, and showcased a 1.8 litre engine; 165 newton metres) with all the choice of either guide or automatic transmission.
GSi: was the stylish hatchback-only entrant, featuring double airbags, alloy wheels, sports inside trim plus suspension, and a 2.0 litre engine; 188 newton metres) combined with a five-speed guide.

In September 1998, the Astra was changed again with a German Opel-engineered, Belgium-built variation. Known because the TS Astra, it was built with either a 90-kilowatt 1.8- or perhaps a 2.2-litre petrol engine plus was available inside City, CD, CDXi, the SXi plus SRi requirements. The SRi was three-door hatchback just, as well as the standard Astra was just accessible with a 1.8-litre litre 16-valve engine. The TS Astra was synonymous with the Chevrolet Astra of the South American marketplace, though just the latter received the sharper facelift — the European plus Australian versions retained the softer curves of the authentic body. Models with a 5-stud wheel pattern have the ABS way factory-installed.

The TS Astra model change followed which of the Opel Astra G range, including the sedan, hatchback plus convertible. But, the Coupé by Bertone wasn't available with a Holden badge. The drivetrain was identical with different vehicles inside the Astra lineup, plus as a result, wasn't a bona-fide sports vehicle. Like the Astra A, the Astra B was accessible because a wagon inside New Zealand, however, not Australia. In 2003, a 147-kilowatt 2.0-litre Turbo engine became accessible. The standard Astra was just accessible with a 1.8-litre 16-valve engine, plus lived about till 2005 because the Holden Astra Classic, alongside the hot model. The strategy behind this was for Holden with stay competitive inside the marketplace till the cheaper Viva model was introduced.

In accordance with the Monash University's 2008 update with the Used Car Safety Ratings, TS Astra models were rated "much better than average" inside the field of crash protection security.
Specification levels

City was the many standard TS model, with a six-speaker sound program, double airbags, disk brakes, 1.8-litre Z18XE1 85kw plus Z18XE 92kw - "drive by wire" engine, adjustable headlamps, plus triple info show.

SXi was based about "City", yet used the coupe body design, added front fog lights plus sports trim. Optional attributes included, a CD player, ABS brakes, alloy wheels, air conditioner, along with a back spoiler.

CD included "City" attributes, and 15-inch alloy wheels, a CD player, ABS brakes, traction control, air conditioner, electronic mirrors, plus energy windows. Optional equipment accessible were: front fog lights, 16-inch alloy wheels, cruise control, along with a back spoiler.

SRi: carried the same equipment because the "SXi", nevertheless was based found on the "CD" variant. The SRI's acceleration rate is 9.0 seconds. This acceleration rate is mentioned with be much better than the SXI top acceleration rate in addition to the CD model.

CDX added: cruise control, front fog lights, climate control air conditioner, chrome trim about dials, side airbags, heated leather seats plus leather upholstery, along with a bigger, high resolution MFD with radio information, date, time, outside temperature, trip computer with instant gas expenditure plus litres per 100km/ per hr, distance with clear, important car informs plus stopwatch.

Limited editions

Olympic Edition: Holden yielded Olympic Editions of both the City plus CD grades edition available throughout 2000, included "Sydney 2000" Olympic badging.
Equipe was based found on the Astra City, nevertheless added 15-inch alloy wheels plus numerous combinations of additional qualities including cruise control, energy windows, electrical side-view mirrors, fog lights plus back spoiler.

The fifth generation AH Astra, based found on the Delta-platformed Opel Astra H came inside November 2004 because a five-door hatchback just, produced inside Belgium, marketing alongside a today Polish-built Astra TS sedan, hatchback plus convertible . The sedan plus hatchback TS Astra models carried "Astra Classic" badges, yet were finally dropped inside late 2005, changed by the Holden Viva, a rebadged Daewoo Lacetti. Between 2003 plus 2004, the Lacetti was advertised inside Australia because a Daewoo before Holden withdrew the brand from Australia due with unsustainable sales.

Like the past generation, the AH series was found with delivers a "much better than average" amount of protection based on the 2008 Used Car Safety Ratings. At launch, AH Astras came with front- plus side-impact airbags because standard inclusions, permitting the Astra with obtain a four-star ANCAP crash protection rating. Higher-specified models were capable with achieve the full five-stars due with the addition of standard protection equipment.

Holden suspended importation of the Astra about 20 April 2009, citing currency fluctuations plus commodity cost issues. Holden's import cessation, that lead to no Astras arriving throughout June plus July 2009, coincided with all the introduction of the Holden Cruze, reported with function as the direct substitution for the Holden Viva. On 31 August 2009, Holden confirmed which the cessation of Astra imports might stay of the lasting basis, without intention of further imports of either the then active AH series or the upcoming generation vehicle. Holden reported their little automobile efforts will be focused found on the Cruze.
Model year changes

MY05: the AH range extended inside August 2005 with all the launch of the Astra station wagon.

MY06.5: revisions from June 2006 added head-protecting side curtain airbags because standard equipment for the CDX. Additionally introduced was the turbodiesel hatchback, badged CDTi. Two versions of the diesel were offered: a 1.9 litre variation with 110 kilowatts teamed with a six-speed guide transmission, along with a six-speed automatic model with an 88-kilowatt variation of the same engine. This became a initial for the Astra inside Australia, yet not New Zealand where the Astra TS had earlier been available with a 1.7 litre turbodiesel.

MY07: models appeared inside January 2007, coinciding with all the launch of the Astra SRi plus Twin Top convertible. Both releases came with a 2.2 litre petrol engine producing 110 kilowatts, accessible with all the six-speed guide or four-speed automatic.

MY07.5: inside April 2007 the Astra line-up received a facelift including tweaked front grille, lights about all models, fresh 16 inch alloy shape for CDX plus CDTi models, plus black tinted headlamps for sport variants. The 1.8 litre petrol engine equally benefited from a energy upgrade from 90 kilowatts with 103 kilowatts—an heighten of 11 %. The 2.2 litre machines obtainable in the SRi, plus Twin Top stayed the same, because did the 2.0L turbo inside the Astra SRi Turbo

MY08: changes from October 2007 saw the deletion of the five-door SRi, exiting just the SRi coupé, as well as the Twin Top with all the 2.2 litre engine.

MY08.5: minor, non-cosmetic update from May 2008 onwards. MY08.5 Astras received electronic stability control because standard fitment over the whole lineup. ESC was earlier limited with SRi plus CDTi variants. This series furthermore marked the return of the five-door SRi, though it was today standard with all the 1.8 because opposed with the 2.2 litre petrol engine earlier fitted. This engine change moreover affected the coupé SRi variant, however, not the Twin Top. The Astra wagon range was equally extended with include the diesel engine choice accessible absolutely found on the hatchback. Although just available with an automatic transmission, the diesel CDTi wagon marked the return of the Astra wagon with the New Zealand marketplace following its discontinuation following the TS series.

MY09: The CD plus CDX hatchback plus station wagon variants reverted with the black bezel projector-style headlamps.

Specification levels

CD: was the base model.
CDX: added 16 inch alloy wheels, cruise control, a trip computer plus six-stack CD player. Equipped with leather seats from MY08 forward.
CDXi: versions added eight-way power-adjustable front seats, climate control air conditioner plus curtain airbags. Discontinued following MY06.
CDTi: diesel-powered variation of the CDX.
SRi: was the sport model of the AH series Astra, loaded with leather seats, climate control plus 17 inch alloy wheels.
SRi Turbo: was the turbocharged adaptation of the above mentioned.

In late 1997 the 1998 model year BMW 7-series plus E39 5-series were fitted with a tubular shaped head side airbags, the "Head Protection System" because standard equipment. This airbag was crafted to provide head security inside side impact collisions and maintained inflation for about 7 seconds for rollover security. However, this tubular shaped airbag shape has been immediately changed by an inflatable 'curtain' airbag.

In May 1998 Toyota started providing a side curtain airbag deploying within the rooftop found on the Progrés. In 1998 the Volvo S80 was provided roof-mounted curtain airbags with safeguard both front plus back guests. Curtain airbags were then produced standard equipment about all hot Volvo vehicles from 2001 except for the C70. The 2006 model C70 convertible received the world's initially door-mounted side-curtain airbags which deployed up.

Roll-sensing side curtain airbags found about cars more inclined with rollovers like SUVs plus pickups usually deploy whenever a rollover is recognized rather of simply whenever an actual collision occurs. Often there is a switch with disable the feature just in case the driver would like to take the car offroad.

Curtain airbags have been mentioned with lessen mind injury or deaths by about 45% inside a side impact with an SUV. These airbags come inside numerous types depending found on the demands of the application. Many latest SUVs plus MPVs have a extended inflatable curtain airbag which shields all 3 rows of seats.

The next driver's side plus separate knee airbag was chosen inside the 1996 model Kia Sportage car plus has been standard equipment because then. The airbag is positioned below the steering wheel. The Toyota Avensis became the initial car available inside Europe built with a driver's knee airbag. The EuroNCAP reported found on the 2003 Avensis, "There has been much effort with safeguard the driver's legs plus legs along with a knee airbag worked effectively." Because then certain models have equally included front passenger knee airbags, that deploy close or over the glove compartment inside a crash. Knee airbags are created with decrease leg injury. The knee airbag has become increasingly popular from 2000.

The shape is conceptually simple; a central Airbag control device monitors a quantity of associated sensors in the car, including accelerometers, impact sensors, side stress sensors, wheel speed sensors, gyroscopes, brake stress sensors, plus seat occupancy sensors. The bag itself as well as its inflation system is hidden in the steering wheel boss, or the dashboard, behind plastic flaps or doorways that are crafted with "rip open" beneath the force of the bag inflating. Once the requisite 'threshold' has been reached or surpassed, the airbag control device usually trigger the ignition of the fuel generator propellant with fast inflate a cloth bag. As the car resident collides with plus squeezes the bag, the fuel escapes inside a controlled way from tiny vent holes. The airbag's amount as well as the size of the vents inside the bag are designed with every car kind, with spread out the deceleration of the resident over time plus over the occupant's body, compared with a seat belt alone.

The data within the different sensors are fed into the Airbag control device, that determines from them the angle of impact, the severity, or force of the crash, together with alternative factors. Depending found on the outcome of these calculations, the ACU could additionally deploy numerous more restraint equipment, like seat belt pre-tensioners, and/or airbags. Each restraint device is usually triggered with 1 or even more pyrotechnic equipment, commonly called an initiator or electrical match. The electrical match, that consists of a electric conductor wrapped inside a combustible information, activates with a present pulse between 1 with 3 amperes inside lower than 2 milliseconds. When the conductor becomes hot enough, it ignites the combustible information, that initiates the fuel generator. In a seat belt pre-tensioner, this hot fuel is employed with drive a piston which pulls the loose from the seat belt. In an airbag, the initiator is chosen with ignite strong propellant inside the airbag inflator. The burning propellant generates inert fuel that fast inflates the airbag inside around 20 with 20 milliseconds. An airbag should inflate promptly inside purchase with be totally inflated by the time the forward-traveling resident reaches its outer surface. Typically, the choice with deploy an airbag inside a frontal crash is prepared inside 15 with 20 milliseconds following the onset of the crash, plus both the driver plus passenger airbags are totally inflated inside around 60-80 milliseconds following the initial time of car contact. If an airbag deploys too late or too gradually, the danger of resident injury from contact with all the inflating airbag might strengthen. Since more distance usually exists between your passenger as well as the instrument panel, the passenger airbag is greater plus needs more fuel with fill it.