Mini Workshop Manuals Moke BMW Leyland

The Mini is a little economy vehicle produced by the British Motor Corporation as well as its successors from 1959 till 2000. This distinctive two-door automobile was crafted for BMC by Sir Alec Issigonis. On introduction inside August 1959 the Mini was

Anatomy of the Works Mini

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Anatomy associated with the Works Mini by Brian MoylenGet other BMW repair manuals hereThis book informs the inside tale of the way the giant-killing Minis of rallying rallycross and rushing fame were converted from standard Mini-Coopers when you look at the BMC tournaments Department. Mcdougal whom spent 22 many years in Comps reveals the secrets of requirements build strategy and development of the greatest work Minis. The book includes efforts from Ginger Devlin (Cooper s main auto mechanic) and leaping Jeff Williamson (work Rallycross driver). Especially well-known for their particular great adventures into the Monte Carlo Rally works Minis humbled numerous larger and more effective automobiles in worldwide motorsport during the 1960s and 1970s. Auto mechanic Brian Moylan invested 22 many years in workshops regarding the BMC Competitions Department where works automobiles had been built. Here all strategies of exactly how ordinary production range Mini-Coopers were changed into the mighty giant-killing Minis of motorsport is unveiled in great information. Minis are nevertheless hugely popular in club motorsport and Mini rushing show nowadays. The guide includes efforts regardin

Maximum Mini

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Maximum Mini by Jeroen BooijGet other BMW fix manuals hereThis is the earliest book to concentrate solely regarding cars derived from the classic Mini. Little GTs activities cars roadsters and fun cars: mini-derivatives made the expert motoring market roar inside sixties but next they didn t fade away. The 70s eighties and 1990s saw brand-new alternatives in the car that merely wouldn t perish - some genius some crazy but always unusual and colorful. Through the distinguished Mini Marcos and Unipower GT that also raced at Le Mans toward extremely obscure but at the very least as exciting Coldwell GT or Sarcon Scarab almost 60 automobiles tend to be thoroughly researched described and snap. Lots of the men and women originally involved with creating and design all of them had been interviewed plus some automobiles that were considered to be long gone were discover through the investigating for this guide. Others w

Mini 1959 1976 Service Repair Manual Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Get more BMW repairs guides hereMini 1959 - 1976 Owners Service restoration guide addresses: Mini Saloon Countryman Traveller Clubman home 1275 GT Van Pick-up Moke Cooper and Cooper S. include one more 178 webpage Australian supplement.Contents: General information. Tuning Information. Ignition Gear. Coolant System. Gasoline Program. Clutch. Transmission. Drive Shafts. Backside Suspension. Steering. Front Suspension. Hydraulic Dampers. Braking System. Electric Equpment. Human Anatomy. Provider Technology. Emmission Control.Originally posted by Brit Leyland engines Ltd in 1976.This version initially printed under Licence in 1996.Part Number AKD4935/2informative data on Repair and services ManualsNote that restoration guides are usually produced for versions offered in a specific nation.Differences in specs can exist between systems offered in various countries and items such as for instance downloaded motors can differ.Please be sure the handbook will cover your design before purchase and when you may need more detail be sure to call us here..

Mini - Service and Repair manual Haynes 2001 - 2006 NEW

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Mini Haynes services and restoration handbook July 2001-2006Get Other BMW vehicles Repair Manuals click on this link unique hardcover 224 pages addresses theMini One Cooper Cooper S Hatchback including option packages petrol models 2001 thru 2006 (Hardcover 224 pages). Machines (petrol): 1.6 litre (1598cc) SOHC 4 cyl (W10B16) as suited to Mini One and Cooper 1.6 litre (1598cc) SOHC supercharged 4 cyl (W11B16) as suited to the Mini Cooper SDoes never address systems with CVT or Steptronic automatic transmission or services particular to Convertible or John Cooper Functions conversions. Doesn't protect brand-new ( Mk II ) MINI introduced August 2006.With a Haynes handbook you are able to do it your self...from simple repair to basic fixes. Haynes writes every book based on a complete teardown for the vehicle. We discover the greatest approaches to do employment which causes it to be faster convenient and economical obtainable. Our guides have actually obvious guidance and countless photographs that demonstrate each step. Whether you re a novice or a professional you can save lar

Mini Cooper (R55, R56, R57) Service Manual: 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011

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Mini Cooper (R55 R56 R57) Service Manual: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 by Bentley PublishersGet more BMW restoration manuals hereThe MINI Cooper Cooper S Clubman (R55 R56 R57) 2007-2011 services Manual was a thorough way to obtain solution information and specs for MINI Cooper systems from 2007 to 2011 (also known as the Mk II). Desire to throughout this guide happens to be user friendliness clarity and completeness with useful explanations step-by-step processes and accurate standards. Whether you re a specialist or a do-it-yourself MINI owner this guide will help you realize take care of and repair your car or truck. Motors covered: N12 (2007-2010) N14 (2007-2010) N16 (2011) N18 (2011) Transmissions covered: Automatic gearbox: 6-speed AISIN (GA6F21WA) guide gearbox: 6-speed Getrag (GS6-55BG for Cooper GS6-53BG for Cooper S) Integracar endeavors to provide you with a large selection of workshop guides. In spite of this service guides may possibly feel created for numerous countries while the cars made for everyone nations. Which explains why not absolutely all repair manuals is appropriate fo

Mini Cooper Service Manual 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006

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Mini Cooper solution handbook 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 by Bentley PublishersGet various other BMW repair manuals hereThe MINI Cooper services handbook: 2002-2006 are a thorough source of solution ideas and specifications for MINI Cooper designs from 2002 to 2006. The handbook comes with protection associated with the Cooper S products. The aim throughout this handbook was user friendliness clarity and completeness with practical explanations step-by-step procedures and precise specs. Whether your re an expert or a do-it-yourself MINI holder this guide will help you comprehend take care of and repair your car. Versions and engines covered: Cooper: 1.6 liter usually aspirated engine Cooper S: 1.6 liter supercharged motor Transmissions covered: Cooper: handbook 5-speed transmission (Midlands Getrag) Cooper: Automatic continually adjustable transmission (CVT) Cooper S: Manual 6-speed transmission (Getrag) Cooper S: Automatic with Agitronic (Aisin) Integracar aims to give a wide variety of service guides. Bear in mind services guides may just be produced for differing nations in addition to motor cars made for all th

Mini 1969 2001 Haynes Service Repair Manual UK

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Get other BMW restoration guides hereMini 1969 - 2001 Haynes holders provider restoration guide covers: Saloon Estate Van and Pick-up like Clubman Cooper S Mk3 1275GT 1.3i Cooper and Special/Limited Editions.Engines covered: 0.9 litre (848cc) 1.0 litre (998cc) 1.1 litre (1098cc) and 1.3 litre (1275cc).Does NOT address period Mini Turbo.Does never cover qualities particular to Cabriolet.Inside this guide there are: program repair tune-up treatments motor fix air conditioning and heating air-conditioning gasoline and fatigue emissions control ignition brake system suspension system and steering electrical methods and wiring diagrams.Haynes restoration guides can save you money on repair and repair expense. Step by step procedures and illustrations make suggestions through ever

Mini

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Mini by Christy CampbellGet various other BMW repairs guides hereFrom its beginning in 1959 the Mini grew to be a national gem and big achievements: Princess Margaret possessed one since did Steve McQueen Paul Newman the Beatles Peter vendors and Marianne Faithfull. Its popularity with feamales in specific marked it out from group and business soared as the car is taken on by the newer metropolitan elite and took a starring part in Italian Job. But there is problems - the basic Mini sold for under it pricing to produce by early eighties the wonder device had become emblematic of manufacturing incompetence. The end emerged in 2000 but a unique generation of Mini is coming and after this this motoring pin-up is really as iconic as previously. Mini qualities efforts from individuals who have understood and liked this distressed celebrity plus its scornful experts. Saturated in fascinating facts and vivid tales this can be the perfect celebration of a living nationw

Mini Automotive Repair Manual

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Mini auto fix Manual by Editors HaynesGet more BMW restoration guides hereHaynes offers the most readily useful protection for cars trucks vans SUVs and motorbikes on the market today. Each guide includes very easy to follow step by step directions connected to hundreds of photographs and pictures. Contained in every handbook: troubleshooting section to assist recognize particular dilemmas; guidelines that give valuable short cuts to make the work convenient and eliminate the significance of unique technology; records cautions and warnings for house mechanic; color spark-plug analysis and an easy to use list. Integracar attempts to provide a large variety of workshop manuals. But repairs manuals is possibly ready for countless nations and engine automobiles delive

Mini

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Mini by Jon PressnellGet other BMW repairs manuals hereThe good fresh fruit of twenty years of studies here is the book on Mini created to celebrate 50 several years of the innovative tiny vehicle and real Uk motoring icon. Recognized Mini specialist Jon Pressnell features created an authoritative comprehensive and lavishly illustrated records high in never-before-seen testimony from those involved in the car throughout their 41 years in production. A large format and lively design full the package causeing this to be the definitive history of the definitive little car.Mini by Jon Pressnell

The New Mini Performance Handbook

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The New Mini overall performance Handbook by Jeffrey ZurschmeideGet more BMW repair guides hereSince their introduction on U.S. market in 2002 the MINI Cooper and Cooper S have already been one of the finest selling subcompact hatchbacks in the marketplace. Prominent in roadway Rally and Autocross and on the road the brand new MINI is rolling out a rigorous following among driving and automotive design enthusiasts.This book was created to bring you through the possibility for efficiency updates like step by step treatments for typical improvements including bumps and springs brakes clutch and flywheel turbo substitution supercharger pulley replacement intake exhaust and also setting up a small slide differential.In addition example cars are offered that show what amount of results adjustments come together to create a vehicle that's balanced and fun to push. Whether you are preparing their MINI when it comes to street and for competitors this book covers anything through the use of real-world instances and step-by-step instructions with colors photographer throughout. Integracar attempts to have a big array of maintenance guides. Conv

Mini

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Mini by Rob GoldingGet more BMW repair guides hereThe Mini may be small but The united kingdomt s favourite vehicles made it larger! This guide tells the total facts of this iconic automobile from this s establish into the 50 s up to the revised BMW form of nowadays. Through Swinging Sixties given that epitome of Cool triumph in the rushing circuit The Italian task to these days s 21st century hip transportation ...all the threads that tie the first Mini to today s up-to-date version tend to be right here complex interesting numerous. This will be a book that'll be welcomed by Mini lovers and bought by motoring fans!Mini by Rob Golding

Little Book of Mini

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Little guide of Mini by Brian LabanGet more BMW fix manuals hereThis could be the story of an exceptional motoring symbol celebrating its 50th Anniversary last year. An automobile that has been conceived since the reply to a crisis but which became among the best recognized. It will be the story of a car or truck that was created for the public but became a must-have manner report for the wealthy and famous.minimal guide of Mini by Brian Laban

Mini Cooper/Mini Cooper S

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Mini Cooper/Mini Cooper S by Graham RobsonGet other BMW repairs manuals hereThis is a thorough research for the job of one types of rally vehicle - the BMC Mini-Cooper/Mini-Cooper S. into the 1960s the Mini became greatest as Britain s most successful rally car. They blended superb handling a tiny body layer high-performance engines together with quality of front-wheel-drive in an irresistible package. In addition nevertheless functions employees included popular drivers like Paddy Hopkirk Timo Makinen and Rauno Aaltonen. The works Minis not merely claimed the Monte Carlo 3 times - 1964 1965 and 1967 - combined with the European Rally tournament in 1965 and claimed events all around the globe. Because Minis had been Brit and well-promoted they became regarded as giant-killers and had been the individuals s favourite for many years. The car outpaced several of their rivals and also

Mini 1959 1969 Haynes Service Repair Manual UK

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Get more BMW fix guides hereMini 1959 - 1969 Haynes people solution repairs guide covers: Saloon Mk1 Mk2 Traveller/Countryman Mk1 Mk2 Van Pick-up Mk1 Mk2 Cooper Cooper S Mk1 Mk2 Riley Elf Wolseley Hornet Mk1 Mk2 Mk3Engines covered: 0.9 litre (848cc) 1.0 litre (970cc 997cc and 998cc) 1.1 litre (1071cc) and 1.3 litre (1275cc). Protects guide and automated transmission variations. Doesn't address qualities certain to Mini Moke.Inside this guide you'll find: Routine repair tune-up processes motor repair air conditioning and warming air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electric methods and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals will save you cash on repair and repairs bills. Step-by-step treatments and illustrations guide you through every work from basic upkeep and troubleshooting to perform teardown rebuild.All About Repair and provider ManualsNote that restoration manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exists between products

Mini And Moke 1971 1978 Gregorys Service Repair Manual

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Mini 1971 - 1978 and Mini Moke 1971 - 1982 Gregorys Owners Service and fix ManualNEW - softcover 222 pages Other BMW Mini Repair Manuals click on this link Mini And Moke 1971 - 1978 Gregorys holders solution restoration handbook protects: #9679; Mini 1971 - 1978 Sedan Van and Wagon #9679; Moke 1971 - 1982Engines covered are all BMC / Leyland A-series OHV 4-cylinder: #9679; 850 (848 cc) #9679; 1000 (998 cc) #9679; 1100 (1098 cc) #9679; 1275 (1275 cc)Transmissions Covered: #9679; 4-speed handbook #9679; 4-speed automaticNOTE: best repair adjustment lesser repair procedures plus treatment and installation were described for Automatic Transmission.Contents: #9679; Engine #9679; Cooling System #9679; Fuel program #9679; Clutch #9679; guide Transmission (Strip Down and Rebuild) #9679; Drive Shafts #9679; automated Transmission #9679; Steering #9679; Front suspension system #9679; backside suspension system #9679; brake system #9679; electric program (Plus Wiring Diagrams) #9679; human anatomy #9679; Emission controls #9679; Lubrication and Maintenance #9679; Wiring drawing for Australian Mini Clubman GT #9679; Wiring drawing for Australian Moke Pick-UP #9

Looking After Mini

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Looking After Mini by Ted ConnollyGet more BMW repairs guides hereWith their effortlessly moving text this guide guides the reader through routines of evaluation purchase upkeep restoration remodelling and improvement. They shows the strategies the author features honed over his long job as a Mini physician and defines the mandatory skill the Mini holder must prolong their particular vehicles s good health and active lifestyle. Integracar tries to put up a substantial spectrum of proprietors guides. In spite of this restoration guides could well be created for certain nations together with cars delivered for anyone countries. Which is the reason why not all maintenance manuals are appropriate for their selected vehicle. When you have issues whether a selected fix handbook is eligible for your car or truck kindly get in

Mini: The True and Secret History of the Making of a Motor Car

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Mini: the real and Secret History of the creating of a Motor automobile by Simon GarfieldGet various other BMW fix manuals hereIn May 1959 the first Mini had been created on an assembly line at Cowley near Oxford. It might take a team of supremely talented designers draftsmen engineers and production-line staff to construct an automobile which was special in features and building. They'd clash frequently over a distressing and hazardous prototype therefore the general public needed to be persuaded purchase a car or truck that let in two ins of liquid with regards to rained. But for some reason the Mini became an icon. Originally made for austerity and effectiveness the automobile soon found represent individuality and classlessness. These days the automobil

Mini Restoration Manual

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Mini Restoration handbook by Lindsay PorterGet various other BMW repairs manuals hereFilled with everything restorers are looking for like small background buying information specifications bodywork mechanics interiors electrics mods technology colors schemes clubs and more. Obvious step-by-step pictures and guidance get this the book for renovating your bodywork and interiors giving new lease of life to technical and electric equipment plus better overall performance and look. Protects all versions including Mini Cooper. Strongly suggested. For folks who love Minis or are thinking about purchasing. Integracar endeavors to offer an extensive variety of maintaining manuals. However workshop manuals may just be made for numerous region and the vehicles produced for many nations. Appropriately not absolutely all maintenance guides are suited to your unique car. When you have enquiries whether a individual owners guide works for the automobile please e

The Mini is a little economy vehicle produced by the British Motor Corporation as well as its successors from 1959 till 2000. The authentic is considered a British icon of the 1960s. Its space-saving front-wheel drive design – permitting 80 per cent of the location of the car's floorpan with be chosen for travelers plus luggage – influenced a generation of automobile machines. The car is within several methods considered the British similar of its German modern the Volkswagen Beetle, that loved synonymous recognition inside North America. In 1999 the Mini was voted the next many influential auto of the 20th century, behind the Ford Model T.

This distinctive two-door automobile was crafted for BMC by Sir Alec Issigonis. It was produced at the Longbridge plus Cowley vegetation inside England, the Victoria Park / Zetland British Motor Corporation factory inside Sydney, Australia, plus later additionally inside Spain, Belgium, Chile, Italy, Malta, Portugal, South Africa, Uruguay, Venezuela plus Yugoslavia. The Mini Mark I had 3 main UK changes – the Mark II, the Clubman as well as the Mark III. Within these had been a series of variations, including an property automobile, a pick-up truck, a van as well as the Mini Moke – a jeep-like buggy. The Mini Cooper plus Cooper "S" were sportier versions which were effective because rally vehicles, winning the Monte Carlo Rally 4 occasions from 1964 from with 1967, though inside 1966 the Mini was disqualified following the finish, together with six different British entrants, that included the initially 4 vehicles to complete, beneath a questionable ruling which the vehicles had employed an illegal mixture of headlamps plus spotlights.

On introduction inside August 1959 the Mini was advertised beneath the Austin plus Morris names, because the Austin Seven plus Morris Mini-Minor. The Austin Seven was renamed with Austin Mini inside January 1962 plus Mini became a marque inside its own appropriate inside 1969. In 1980 it again became the Austin Mini plus inside 1988 the Rover Mini.
Designated by Leonard Lord because project ADO15 as well as the product of the Morris shape team, the Mini came to exist due to a gas shortage caused by the 1956 Suez Crisis. Petrol was again rationed inside the UK, sales of big vehicles slumped, as well as the marketplace for German bubble vehicles boomed. Lord, the somewhat autocratic head of BMC, reportedly detested these vehicles thus much which he vowed with free the streets of them plus shape a 'proper miniature car'. He laid down certain simple shape requirements: the auto ought to be contained inside a box which calculated 10×4×4 feet; as well as the passenger accommodation must occupy 6 feet of the 10-foot length; as well as the engine, for factors of expense, ought to be an existing device. Issigonis, who had been functioning for Alvis, had been recruited back with BMC inside 1955 plus, with his abilities inside designing little vehicles, became a all-natural for the task. The team which tailored the Mini was remarkably small: and also Issigonis, there was clearly Jack Daniels, Chris Kingham, 2 technology pupils plus 4 draughtsmen. Together, by October 1957, they had tailored plus built the authentic prototype, that was affectionately called "The Orange Box" due to its color.

The ADO15 selected a traditional BMC A-Series four-cylinder, water-cooled engine, nevertheless departed from custom by mounting it transversely, with all the engine-oil-lubricated, four-speed transmission inside the sump, plus by employing front-wheel drive. Almost all tiny front-wheel-drive vehicles developed because have chosen a synonymous configuration, except with all the transmission commonly individually enclosed instead of utilizing the engine oil. The radiator was installed at the left side of the vehicle thus which the engine-mounted enthusiast can be retained, nevertheless with reversed pitch thus it blew air into the all-natural low stress region beneath the front wing. This place saved car size, however had the downside of feeding the radiator with air which had been heated by passing over the engine. It furthermore exposed the whole ignition program with the direct ingress of rainwater by the grille.

The suspension program, crafted by Issigonis's friend Dr. Alex Moulton at Moulton Developments Limited, utilized compact rubber cones rather of traditional springs. This space-saving shape furthermore showcased increasing progressive-rate springing of the cones, plus offered several all-natural damping, inside addition with the general dampers. Built into the subframes, the rubber cone program gave a raw plus bumpy ride accentuated by the woven-webbing seats, however the rigidity of the rubber cones, together with all the wheels' positioning at the corners of the vehicle, gave the Mini go kart-like handling.

Initially an interconnected fluid program was planned, synonymous with the 1 which Alec Issigonis plus Alex Moulton were functioning about inside the mid-1950s at Alvis. They had evaluated the mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension at which time, that inspired the shape of the Hydrolastic suspension program for the Mini plus Morris/Austin 1100, to test with keep the pros of the 2CV program, yet with added roll stiffness which the 2CV lacked. The short development time of the vehicle meant this wasn't prepared inside time for the Mini's release. The program intended for the Mini was further developed as well as the hydrolastic program was initially employed found on the Morris 1100, established inside 1962; the Mini gained the program later inside 1964. Ten-inch wheels were specified, thus hot tyres had with be developed, the initial contract going with Dunlop. Issigonis went with Dunlop stating which he desired even small, 8 inside wheels. An agreement was prepared found on the ten-inch size, following Dunlop denied the eight-inch proposition.

Sliding windows permitted storage purse inside the hollow doors; reportedly Issigonis sized those to fit a bottle of Gordon's Gin. The boot lid was hinged at the bottom thus which the vehicle might be driven with it available to grow luggage room. On early vehicles the quantity plate was hinged at the best thus it may swing right down to stay noticeable whenever the boot lid was open. This feature was later discontinued following it was noticed which exhaust gases can leak into the cockpit whenever the boot was open.

The Mini was crafted because a monocoque shell with welded seams noticeable found on the outside of the vehicle running down the A plus C pillars, plus amongst the body as well as the floor pan. Those that ran within the base of the A-pillar with the wheel perfectly were described because 'everted' with supply more space for the front seat occupants. To further simplify construction, the hinges for the doorways plus boot lid were installed externally.

Production models differed within the prototypes by the addition of front plus back subframes with the unibody with take the suspension plenty, plus by having the engine installed the additional means round, with all the carburettor at the back instead of at the front. This layout necessary an additional gear between engine plus transmission with reverse the way of rotation at the input with the transmission. Having the carburettor behind the engine reduced carburettor icing, however, the distributor was then exposed with water coming inside by the grille. The engine size was reduced from 948 with 848 cc; this, inside combination with a tiny heighten inside the car's width, cut the best speed from 90 mph with 72 mph.

The Mini form had become thus popular which by the 1990s, Rover Group – the heirs with BMC – were capable with register its shape because a trademark inside its own proper.
The manufacturing variation of the Mini was demonstrated with the hit inside April 1959, plus by August many 1000 vehicles had been yielded willing for the initially sales. The Mini was officially announced with the public about 26 August 1959. Many 2,000 vehicles had been transmitted abroad plus will be shown which day inside almost 100 nations.

The initially illustration, a Morris Mini-Minor with all the registration 621 AOK, is about show at the Heritage Motor Centre inside Warwickshire. Another early illustration from 1959 is today about show at the National Motor Museum inside Hampshire.

The Mini was advertised beneath BMC's 2 principal brands, Austin plus Morris till 1969, whenever it became a marque inside its own proper. The Morris adaptation was recognized with all because "the Mini" or Mini-Minor. The word minor is Latin for "lesser"; thus an abbreviation of the Latin word for "least" – minimus – was selected for the unique even small auto. One name proposed for the Austin variation was Austin Newmarket. Austin dealers available their virtually identical automobile because an Austin Seven, that recalled the common tiny Austin 7 of the 1920s plus 1930s. "Morris Mini-Minor" looks with have been a play about words; the Morris Minor became a heavier, popular plus effective automobile which continued inside creation.

Until 1962, the vehicles appeared because the Austin 850 plus Morris 850 inside North America plus France, plus inside Denmark because the Austin Partner plus Morris Mascot. The Morris name Mini was initially selected for Austin's adaptation by BMC inside 1961 whenever the Austin Seven was rebranded because the Austin Mini, somewhat with the surprise of the Sharp's Commercials vehicle business, that had been utilizing the name Minicar for their three-wheeled cars because 1949. But, legal action was somehow averted, plus BMC selected the name "Mini" thereafter.

In 1964, the suspension of the vehicles was changed by another Moulton shape, the hydrolastic program. The modern suspension gave a softer ride, nevertheless it furthermore improved fat plus manufacturing expense. In 1971, the authentic rubber suspension reappeared plus was retained for the remaining lifetime of the Mini.

From October 1965 the possibility of the specific Automotive Products tailored four-speed automatic transmission became accessible. Cars fitted with this became the Mini-Matic.

Slow at the outset, Mark I sales strengthened over nearly all of the model lines inside the 1960s, plus creation totalled 1,190,000. Ford bought the Mini plus dismantled it to find when they might provide an alternative. Ford determined which the BMC need been losing about £30 per auto, so decided with make the greater vehicle – the Cortina, introduced inside 1962 – because its rival inside the budget marketplace. BMC insisted which the technique organization overheads were shared out, the Mini usually produced cash. Larger income came within the prevalent De Luxe models plus from optional extras including seat belts, door mirrors, a heater along with a radio, that will be considered necessities about contemporary vehicles, and the different Cooper plus Cooper S models.

The Mini entered into prevalent culture inside the 1960s with well-publicised purchases by movie plus music stars.
The Mini Moke is a car based found on the Mini tailored for the British Motor Corporation by Sir Alec Issigonis.

The name originates from "Mini"—the auto with that the Moke shares various parts—and "Moke", that is an archaic dialect expression for donkey. The Moke has been advertised below many names including Austin Mini Moke, Morris Mini Moke plus Leyland Moke.

The initial shape had been a prototype for a light military car inside the fashion of the American Jeep, nevertheless its little wheels plus low ground clearance prepared it impractical because an off-road car. It was subsequently available inside a civilian adaptation because a low-cost, conveniently maintained utility car. The Moke finally attained achievement because a beach buggy—becoming a favored 'cult' car inside the Algarve, Seychelles, Australia, the United States plus countless tropical hotels inside the Caribbean. The authentic Moke employed identical engine, transmission plus suspension components within the Mini Van.

The initially Mokes were just built at BMC's Longbridge, Birmingham plant. 14,518 Mokes were yielded inside the UK between 1964 plus 1968, 26,000 inside Australia between 1966 plus 1981, plus 10,000 inside Portugal between 1980 plus 1993 whenever creation of the Moke ended.
Whenever Issigonis crafted the Mini, he planned another car with share the Mini's mechanical components, however with a more durable body shell. This was an attempt with take a part of the military car company from Land Rover. Issigonis had earlier crafted the Nuffield Guppy inside a failed attempt with break into which marketplace. By 1959, BMC had functioning prototypes of what was codenamed "The Buckboard", later with become the Mini Moke. These prototypes were shown with the British Army because a parachute-droppable car, yet bad ground clearance along with a low-powered engine didn't meet the many simple needs for an off-road car. Only the Royal Navy showed any interest at all inside the Buckboard—as a car for utilize found on the decks of aircraft carriers.

Early marketing information produced much of the lightness of the car, showing 4 soldiers going inside the Moke off-road, then selecting it up by its tubular bumpers plus carrying it whenever its low ground clearance proven inadequate.

In a further attempt with create anything for the military, a some four-wheel drive Mokes were created by the addition of the 2nd engine plus transmission at the back of the car with connected clutches plus gear shifters. This did nothing for the ground-clearance issues, plus mechanical problems frustrated development beyond the prototype stage. This car was called "The Twini" plus was shown with the US Army—again without achievement.

Three of these cars were chosen by the Brazilian Army following being grabbed throughout the 1969 Rupununi Rebellion from Guyanese rebels, that had crossed the edge into Brazil.
Eventually BMC gave up found on the idea of marketing the Moke with the military, plus inside 1963 the choice was produced with build a civilian adaptation, targeting farmers plus light commercial applications. Many prototypes were integrated 1963, 1 of that is nonetheless acknowledged with exist inside Pinner only outside London, England. The Moke was established onto the British marketplace inside 1964. The British Customs plus Excise department decided which the Moke ought to be categorized because a passenger automobile instead of because a commercial car that meant it attracted buy taxes, reducing sales inside its intended commercial marketplace.

The Moke attracted attention because a 'cult' car because a happen of the unprecedented achievement of the Mini plus by media exposure inside the prevalent tv series The Prisoner, and inside the Traffic track "Berkshire Poppies." Despite this, just regarding a tenth of the 14,500 British yielded Mokes were available inside the UK. Mokes continued with be prepared inside Britain till 1968.
1967 Austin Mini Moke

British-made Mokes were fitted with a low-end 848 cc inline-four engine, detuned with employ low-octane gas. They employed the same suspension, gearbox plus 10 inch wheels because the standard Mini. In the initial providing, passenger seats, grab handles, heater, windscreen washer along with a removable canvas top were all optional equipment delivered individually within the car. Owners had with bolt these optional extras onto the car themselves. The base cost was GB£ 405. The 'Mk I' Mokes had a single windscreen wiper along with a floor-mounted headlight dip switch, as well as the just color accessible was "Spruce Green". In 1967, the 'Mk II' Moke added a passenger-side wiper. Horn plus headlight controls were moved onto the signal stalk. These later British Mokes were moreover obtainable in white.

The John Player & Sons cigarette organization ran a team of Mokes inside autocross contests about grass tracks from 1968. These cars were loaded with rollover security plus selected the Mini Cooper S 1275 cc engine.

The Moke was integrated Australia from 1966 with 1981 where it was initially advertised because the Morris Mini Moke plus from 1973 because the Leyland Moke. Initially Australian Mokes had the same 10 inch wheels because British Mokes plus Mini saloons, yet these were shortly changed by 13 inch wheels with longer back trailing arms, that produced them more useful for gentle off-road or beach utilize than the British variation. The strong metal seats of the British Mokes were changed with tubular-framed 'deck-chair' seats. This variant began with a 998 cc engine that was turned inside mid-production with 1,098 cc. In 1976, with all the advent of fresh anti-pollution needs, the nearby produced 1,098 cc engine was changed by an imported adaptation of the 998 cc engine with an air pump plus exhaust fuel recirculation, that had been developed to satisfy UK anti-pollution specifications.

For a short period about 1972, Leyland Australia yielded a variant referred with inside Leyland literature because "Moke, specialized export", nevertheless commonly called a "Californian", that had a 1,275 cc engine plus was fitted with side marker lights plus different back lights with conform with US FMVSS specifications. The gas tank within the Austin Sprite or MG Midget was fitted under the back weight location, changing the standard tank installed inside the left sidebox. The export Californian was easily recognisable by its rooftop plus seats, trimmed inside 'Op-pop verve' black plus white tiger striped plastic or 'Orange Bali' plastic, that looked somewhat like a fruit dish, plus was quickly advertised with the 'flower power' culture inside the United States.

The name "Californian" as well as the 1,275 cc engine were resurrected inside 1977 for Australian marketplace Mokes with denim seat covers, more comfortable seats, spoked wheels plus complex tubular bumpers.

Australian Mokes were exported with countless nations, plus pioneered large-scale exports of Australian-made cars. Leyland Australia produced much of these exports inside its advertising. The employ of Australian-made Mokes by the Israeli Army attracted controversy plus media attention.

From 1975, a pickup adaptation of the Moke was yielded, with a 1.45 x 1.50 metre drop-sided bed that protruded behind the back of the car, along with a fabric top over the cab location. At least 2 four-wheel drive Moke prototypes were produced by Leyland Australia inside the late 1970s, however, unlike the British adaptation, these employed simply 1 engine. Leyland were planning with market this adaptation, nevertheless Moke creation inside Australia ended inside 1981 plus all which remains of the project is regarded as the prototypes that is today owned by an enthusiast inside Western Australia along with a modified differential crownwheel with gearteeth cut inside the side with drive the back tailshaft, inside the individual assortment of a Melbourne Mini expert.

In 1977, a 1,275 cc Cooper S-engined Moke was entered into the Singapore Airlines London-Sydney Marathon. The vehicle was driven over 20,000 km over 25 days plus completed inside 35th region.

Morris Mini K
Morris Mini K

Built inside the Australian British Motor Corporation factory at Zetland, New South Wales, utilizing 80% nearby content, the Morris Mini K was advertised because the "terrific leap forward". The Mini K had a 1098 cc engine plus was the last round-nose model with be yielded inside Australia, initially priced at A$1780. The Mini K was available inside 2-door sedan plus 2-door van body designs.
Mini Cooper plus Cooper S: 1961–2000
1963 Austin Mini Cooper S

Issigonis' friend John Cooper, owner of the Cooper Car Company plus designer plus builder of Formula One plus rally vehicles, saw the possible of the Mini for competition. Issigonis was initially hesitant to find the Mini inside the character of the performance automobile, however, following John Cooper appealed with BMC administration, the 2 males collaborated with create the Mini Cooper. The Austin Mini Cooper plus Morris Mini Cooper debuted inside 1961.

The 848 cc engine within the Morris Mini-Minor was provided a longer stroke with grow capability with 997 cubic centimetres improving energy from 34 with 55 bhp. The auto showcased a racing-tuned engine, twin SU carburettors, a closer-ratio gearbox plus front disk brakes, unusual at the amount of time in a tiny vehicle. One 1000 units of the adaptation were commissioned by administration, intended for plus crafted to satisfy the homologation rules of Group 2 rally racing. The 997 cc engine was changed with a smaller stroke 998 cc device inside 1964. In 1962, Rhodesian John Love became the initially non-British racing driver with win the British Saloon Car Championship driving a Mini Cooper.
Timo Mäkinen plus Mini Cooper S about their method to the initially of the hat-trick of wins inside the 1000 Lakes Rally inside Finland

A more effective Mini Cooper, dubbed the "S", was developed inside tandem plus introduced inside 1963. Featuring a 1071 cc engine with a 70.61 mm bore plus nitrided steel crankshaft plus strengthened bottom end with enable further tuning; plus greater servo-assisted disk brakes, 4,030 Cooper S vehicles were yielded plus available till the model was up-to-date inside August 1964. Cooper equally yielded 2 S models especially for circuit racing inside the under 1,000 cc plus under 1,300 cc classes respectively, rated at 970 cc along with a 1,275 cc, both had a 70.61 mm bore plus both of that were moreover available with the public. The smaller-engine model wasn't perfectly received, plus just 963 had been built whenever the model was discontinued inside 1965. The 1,275 cc Cooper S models continued inside creation till 1971.

Sales of the Mini Cooper were because follows: 64,000 Mark I Coopers with 997 cc or 998 cc engines; 19,000 Mark I Cooper S with 970 cc, 1,071 cc or 1,275 cc engines; 16,000 Mark II Coopers with 998 cc engines; 6,300 Mark II Cooper S with 1,275 cc motors. There were no Mark III Coopers plus merely 1,570 Mark III Cooper S.

The Mini Cooper S earned the Monte Carlo Rally inside 1964, 1965 plus 1967. Minis were initially located initial, 2nd plus 3rd inside the 1966 rally also, yet were disqualified following a controversial choice by the French judges. The disqualification associated with the utilization of the varying resistance headlamp dimming circuit inside destination of the dual-filament lamp. It ought to be noted which the Citroën DS that has been eventually granted initially area had illegal white headlamps however escaped disqualification. The driver of the Citroën, Pauli Toivonen, was hesitant with accept the trophy plus vowed which he might not race for Citroën again. BMC possibly received more publicity within the disqualification than they might have gained from a victory.
In 1969, beneath the ownership of British Leyland, the Mini was provided a facelift by stylist Roy Haynes, whom had earlier worked for Ford. The restyled variation was called the Mini Clubman, plus has a squarer frontal look, utilizing the same indicator/sidelight assembly because the Austin Maxi. The Mini Clubman was intended with substitute the upmarket Riley plus Wolseley versions. A hot model, dubbed the 1275GT, was slated because the substitution for the 998 cc Mini Cooper. The Clubman Estate changed the Countryman plus Traveller.

British Leyland continued with make the classic 1959 "round-front" shape, alongside the new Clubman plus 1275GT models

Production of the Clubman plus 1275GT got off with a slow begin considering the vehicles included "many manufacturing changes" including the relocation of tooling within the manufacturer's Cowley plant with the Longbridge plant: few vehicles were handed over with shoppers before the early months of 1970.

Early domestic marketplace Clubmans were nevertheless delivered about cross-ply tyres even though by 1970 radials had become the norm for the car's mainstream competitors. By 1973 new Minis were, by standard, being shipped with radial tyres, though cross-plies can be specified by specialized purchase, providing British customers a cost saving of £8.

The 1275GT is usually incorrectly described because the "Mini Clubman 1275GT". The official name was constantly only the "Mini 1275GT", plus it had been a separate, distinct model within the Clubman.

In 1971, the 1,275 cc Mini Cooper S was discontinued inside the UK, exiting the Mini 1275GT because truly the only sporting Mini about sale for the rest of the decade. Innocenti inside Italy, though, continued creating their own variation of the Mini Cooper for several time. While the UK built 1275GT wasn't almost because fast because a 1275 Mini Cooper S, it was cheaper with purchase, run, plus insure. It was the initial Mini with be built with a tachometer. It moreover showcased a standard-fit close-ratio gearbox. Performance of the 1275GT was lively for the time, achieving 0–60 mph inside 12.9 seconds, as well as the great midrange torque available a