VW Transporter repair workshop manual

The Volkswagen Transporter, based found on the Volkswagen Group's T platform, today inside its fifth generation, pertains with a series of vans yielded over 60 years plus advertised internationally. The T series is today considered an official Volkswagen Group automotive platform. The

Volkswagen VW Commercial Type 2 Series 1973-1981

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VW Volkswagen Commercial Type 2 Kombi series Repair Manual 1973 - 1981 Gregorys Get Other VW Car Repair Manuals click here Volkswagen VW Commercial Type 2 Series 1973 - 1981 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Type 2 Series Commercial Models.Engines covered: 1700cc 1800cc 2000cc (4 cyl) (Includes carburettor and Jetronic fuel systems Manual and Automatic).Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory s manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.

How to Convert Volkswagen Bus or Van to Camper

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How to Convert Volkswagen Bus or Van to Camper by Lindsay PorterGet other VW repair manuals hereThis volume contains detailed step-by-step instructions for converting a VW Transporter van or bus to a Camper. It gives advice on how to choose the best van for your needs and prepare it - how to plan the layout and choose fittings how to fit an elevating roof how to cut panels and fit utilities. Integracar tries to have a sizeable array of owners guides. However owners manuals can sometimes be manufactured for very different nations and the motor vehicles designed for those nations. For this reason not all workshop manuals may be applicable for your individual car. If you have important questions whether or not a selected maintenance manual is best suited for your car do not hesitate to make contact with us hereHow to Convert Volkswagen Bus or Van to Camper by Lindsay Porter

How to Restore Volkswagen (bay Window) Bus

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The only book currently available that comprehensively deals with the realities of restoring a VW Bay Window Bus. With over 1500 mainly colour photos it guides the reader clearly through body and chassis repairs paint work interior re-trimming and most common mechanical problems. The skills techniques and even the tools needed to complete these tasks are explained in jargon free language to ensure that even those enthusiasts with no previous restoration experience will feel confident in sorting out their Bus. An indispensable and unique guide for lovers of these fast appreciating classics. Integracar attempts to supply a diverse spectrum of maintenance guides. Although repair manuals can sometimes be produced for a range of countries and the cars put together for those countries. Hence not all service manuals may be best for your selected motor vehicle. If you have concerns whether

How to Rebuild Your Volkswagen Air-Cooled Engine 1961 onwards

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Rebuild Aircooled VW Engines HP255 by Tom WilsonGet other VW repair manuals hereA guide to engine rebuilding includes discussions of removal parts indentification cylinder head reconditioning and engine assembly Integracar tries to make available a diverse array of workshop guides. But owners manuals can be created for assorted countries and the motor cars engineered for those nations. That means not all service manuals may be acceptable for your particular car. If you have queries whether a particular repair manual is relevant for your automobile kindly contact us hereRebuild Aircooled VW Engines HP255 by Tom Wilson

Volkswagen Bay Transporter Haynes Restoration Manual

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Hardcover - 320 pages - The VW Transporter is one of the most iconic vehicles on the roads today. Introduced in 1967 and continuing in production until October 1979 the Bay was the successor to the legendary split-screen Transporter and is the second of five generations of van so far given the Transporter name by VW.Even the poorest examples of the Bay now fetch significant money and imports from drier climes continue to appear on British roads so the case for restoring one of these hugely popular vehicles is increasingly attractive.Using the trusted Haynes practical step-by-step approach this all-colour manual follows the restoration of a 1979 Devon camper from beginning to end and provides expert advice on th

Volkswagen VW Diesel Transporter T4 1990-2003 Haynes

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VW T4 Transporter Diesel 1990 - 2003 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers Transporter T4 variants with front-mounted diesel engines and front-wheel-drive. Diesel Engines Covered: 1.9 litre (1896cc) 4 Cylinder and 2.4 litre (2370cc) 2.5 litre (2461cc) 5 Cylinder DOES NOT cover petrol engine models all-wheel-drive Syncro models interior features specific to Westfalia Caravelle or Multivan or specialist bodywork/camper conversions. DOES NOT cover Transporter T5 range introduced July 2003.Contents: Safety First! Roadside repairs Weekly checks Routine maintenance and servicing 4 - Cylinder engine in-vehicle repair procedures 5 - Cylinder engine in-vehicle repair procedures Engine removal and overhaul procedures Cooling heating and ventilation systems Fuel and exhaust systems Emission control systems Starting and charging systems Clutch Manual transmission Automatic transmission

Volkswagen Air-Cooled 1970 - 1981 Chilton Owners Service and Repair Manual

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Softcover - 366 pages - Volkswagen Air-Cooled 1970 - 1981 Chilton Owners Service Repair Manual Covers U.S. and Canadian models including: Volkswagen Beetle Volkswagen Karmann Ghia Volkswagen Transporter Volkswagen Vanagon Volkswagen Fastback Volkswagen Squareback Volkswagen 411 Volkswagen 412Contents: Introduction: About This Manual; Introduction; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Maintenance Techniques Tools And Working Facilities; Buying Parts; Jacking And Towing; Booster Battery (Jump) Starting; Conversion Factors; Automotive Chemicals And Lubricants; Safety First!; Troubleshooting Tune-Up And Routine Maintenance Engine And Overhaul Procedures Cooling Heating And Air-Conditioning Systems Fuel And Exhaust Systems Engine Electrical Systems Emissions Control Systems Transmission Brakes Suspension And Steering Systems Body Chassis Electrical System Wiring DiagramsChilton repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.

Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 Petrol Diesel 1990 1995 Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Volkswagen Transporter T4 Petrol and Diesel 1990-1995 Owners Service and Repair Workshop Manual Get other VW repair manuals here Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 1990 to 1995 petrol and diesel workshop manual.Engines Covered: 2.0-litre 4-cylinder type AAC Digifant EFI petrol 2.5-litre 5-cylinder type AAF Digifant EFI petrol 1.9-litre 4-cylinder type 1X diesel 2.4-litre 5-cylinder type AAB diesel Transmissions covered: 4-speed manual 5-speed manual Covers: Manual Gearbox only. Short and Long Wheelbase. Van. Caravelle. Bus. 2.0 and 2.5-litre Petrol. 1.9 and 2.4-litre Diesel. Four Cylinder Petrol Engines. Five Cylinder Petrol Engines. Fuel Injection System - Four Cylinder. Fuel Injection System - Five Cyl

Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 Diesel 2000-2004 Service Repair Manual Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Volkswagen Transporter T4 Diesel 2000-2004 proprietors services and fix Workshop handbook Get more VW repairs guides hereVolkswagen Transporter T4 Diesel protects Covers all T4 diesel motors from 2000 toward end of 2004.Models Covered: Vans - 800 1 000 and 1 200 - Caravelle CL and GL - Bus (long and short wheelbase).Engines Covered: 1.9L 4 Cylinder Diesel (ABL) 2.4L 5 Cylinder Diesel (AJA AAB) 2.5L 5 cylinder TDI Diesel (ACV AHY AJT AUF AXG AXL AYC) articles: system Clutch Transmission Final Drive Drive Shafts Steering front side suspension system Rear Suspension Axle rims Tyres brake system electric Bodywork fault-finding Wiring Diagrams: Wiring Diagram - battery pack X communications Relief Relay Ignition change Fuses Wiring drawing - Heater Blower Blower change Two Way device and change for outdoors and Recirculating environment Flap Glove

Volkswagen VW Transporter 1700 1800 2000 1972 1979

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Get various other VW repairs guides hereVolkswagen VW Transporter 1700 1800 2000 1972 - 1979 Haynes proprietors provider fix Manual addresses: Transporter derivatives. 1.7 litre (1679cc) 1.8 litre (1795cc) 2.0 litre (1970cc).Does never cover alternative figures sales generated by professional manufacturers.Inside this handbook you'll find: regimen repair tune-up processes engine heal air conditioning and warming air-conditioning gas and fatigue emissions control ignition brake system suspension and steering electric techniques and wiring diagrams.Haynes fix guides can help you save money on maintenance and repairs expenses. Step by step procedures and illustrations guide you through every tasks from fundamental upkeep and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.informative data on fix and solution ManualsNote that repair guides are usually created for products marketed in a specific country.Differences in specification can exists between systems mar

Volkswagen Vanagon Transporter Air cooled 4 cyl 1980-1983

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Volkswagen (VW) Vanagon 1980 - 1983 Haynes holders Service Repair guide addresses 1980-1983 Volkswagen (VW) Vanagon with 2.0 litre air-cooled flat-four engines.Note: this guide DOESN'T cover water-cooled or diesel motor models.Contents: Introduction: automobile Identification Numbers. Buying Section. Safety. Repair Methods. Chemical And Lubricants And Much More. Tune-Up And Routine upkeep General system Overhaul Procedures air conditioning home heating And Air-Conditioning methods Fuel And fatigue techniques system electric techniques Emissions Control methods Transmission Driveline brake system Suspension And Steering methods system Chassis Electrical System Wiring Diagrams

Volkswagen VW Transporter Type 2 1963 - 1967 Owners Service and Repair Manual

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Hardback 918 pages - - Volkswagen Transporter restoration Manual 1963 - 1967 Indispensable to anyone interested in the history or renovation of Transporter this guide include total protection of 1200 and 1500 machines dual-circuit brake system and the body dimension specifications for many models-even those with sliding sunroof.All factory updates tend to be indexed by framework amounts and date launched. bull; Air-cooled Volkswagens (Type 2) covered:Volkswagen Type 2 AmbulanceVolkswagen means 2 shipping VanVolkswagen kind 2 KombiVolkswagen means 2 Micro BusVolkswagen kind 2 Micro Bus De LuxeVolkswagen Type 2 Pick-upTechnical features: bull; 1200 and 1500 motors including 34 hp 42 hp and 44 hp all with outdoors heating. bull; Engine bench assessment processes and specifications. bull; ZF and ATE steering equipment treatment rebuilding and installation. bull; Dual circuit brake system. bull; 6 and 12-volt electrical systems with report on 6-volt components changed into 12-volts. bull; United States and European lighting and electrical systems. bull; Comprehensive wiring diagrams. bull; Frame floors and the body panel restoration

Volkswagen VW Transporter 1600 1968 1979 Haynes Service Repair Manual

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Get other VW repair manuals hereVolkswagen VW Transporter 1600 1968 - 1979 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Transporter and derivatives 1968 - 1979 1.6 litre (1584cc)Does NOT cover the alternative bodies and conversions produced by specialist manufacturers.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that r

Volkswagen VW Official workshop manual Station wagon 1968-1979

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Volkswagen place truck / coach (Type 2) 1968 - 1979 provider handbook covers section Wagons Panel Trucks Pickup Trucks Kombis and Campmobiles for the model many years 1968 through 1979. This handbook was created specifically to cover models built for purchase in the usa and Canada.Technical functions: Tune-up and oil change: requirements and treatments for all systems up through the most recent 1979 automobiles Troubleshooting changing or restoring every element of the electric system - with full wiring diagrams Troubleshooting and repairs of the electric fuel injection system used on 1975 and soon after products Troubleshooting restoring and rebuilding the clutch guide transmission and automated transmission Rebuilding the carburetor - including twin carburetors Rebuilding disk and drum brake system Rebuilding the leading axle and steering gearbox Comprehensive system repair and rebuilding data - like 1978 and later engines with hydraulic valve lifters Spark advance curves for many distributors-including the transistorized ignition system utilized on 1979 California products: Emission controls-including 1973 and later exhaust gas recirculation techniques plus the

Original VW Bus

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Original VW Bus by Laurence MeredithGet other VW repairs manuals hereA extensive help guide to earliest factory specs and gear of VW Split-screen and Bay-window transporters. 265 pictures of 25 cars from Germany the UK together with American illustrate not merely the individuals carriers nevertheless the many variations panel van pick-up vehicle double-cab pick-up and highroof panel van. This is certainly a re-issue of just one of the most well-known brands from the celebrated first show accepted by classic car people purchasers and lovers since the definitive way to obtain advice on right original and genuine standards and products attracted from factory registers section records and magazines plus the built up knowledge of many respected restorers. Integracar tries to incorporate a sizable assortment of people guides. Nonetheless workshop guides can sometimes be made for numerous different countries and also the motors designed for many countries. For this reason not absolutely all people guid

Volkswagen VW Transporter T3 Petrol 1982-1989 Service Repair Manual Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Volkswagen VW Transporter 1982 - 1989 Owners Workshop Manual Covers The following Engine Reference Letters: Carburetor 1.9 Litre - DF DG or EY. Injected 1.9 Litre - GW. 2.1 Litre Without Catalytic Converter - DJ. 2.1 Litre with Catalytic Converter - MV.Covers the Water Cooled Rear-Engined Petrol models only with Manual Gearbox from 1982 - 1989. Kombi. Stationwagon. Bus. Camper. Caravelle. Pick-Up 1.9 Litre and 2.1 Litre Carburettor Fuel Injected Water Cooled Engines.Contents:: Engines Ignition System Lubrication System Cooling System Carburettor Fuel System Fuel Injection System Exhaust System Clutch Manual Transmission Automatic Transmission Rear Drive Shafts Rear Axle Transmission Front Suspension Mechanical Power Assisted Steering Brake System Electrical Equipment Bodywork Fault FindingWiring Diagrams VW Transporter with 1.9 Litre Engine: Wiring Diagram - Battery Starter Motor Alternator Ignition / Starter Switch Wiring Diagram - Ignition System Wiring Diagram - Intake Manifold Pre-Heating Automatic

Volkswagen VW Diesel Transporter T5 2003-2014 Haynes

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Volkswagen VW Transporter T5 (Diesel) 2003 - 2014 Haynes Owners Service Repair guide addresses VW Transporter T5 variants with diesel motors and front-wheel-drive.Engines Covered: Diesel: 1.9 litre (1896cc) 2.0 litre (1968cc) 2.5 litre (2461cc)DOES NOT address petrol engined versions twin turbo diesel motor DSG transmission all-wheel-drive Syncro versions or specialist bodywork/camper conversionsContents: managing their VW Transporter Roadside Repairs Weekly Checks Lubricants liquids Tyre Pressures program repair services 1.9 litre Engine In-Vehicle fix processes 2.0 Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures 2.5 system In-Vehicle fix Procedures motor Removal and renovation Procedures air conditioning Heating air flow techniques Fuel fatigue Systems - 1.9 2.5 motors gasoline Exhaust Systems - 2.0 motor Emission controls methods beginning Charging techniques Ignition System Clutch handbook Gearbox Aut

Volkswagen VW Transporter Commercial Type 2 T3 Caravelle Vanagon 1982 - 1990

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Get more VW Transporter repairs Manuals click on this link VW Volkswagen Transporter (water-cooled) Petrol 1982 - 1990 Haynes Owners services fix guide covers: Van Pickup and Minibus (Caravelle) with water-cooled engines. Machines protected: - 1.9 litre (1913cc) (DF DG EY GW) - 2.1 litre (2109cc) (DJ MV SS rules) four cylinder products. Articles: - regimen repair - Tune-Up processes - system fix - soothing And Heating - Air-Conditioning - gasoline And fatigue - Emissions controls - Ignition Brakes - suspension system And Steering - Electrical methods - Wiring Diagrams NOTE: Only repair adjustment minor fix treatments plus treatment and installation are described for Transmissions.

Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 Diesel Only 1996 1999 Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Volkswagen Transporter T4 Diesel just 1996-1999 Workshop Manual see various other VW repairs manuals here Volkswagen Transporter T4 Diesel best 1996-1999 Workshop handbook Covers all T4 diesel automobiles from January 1996 up to 1999Engines covered: #9679; Diesel 1.9L 4 Cylinder 1X #9679; Diesel 2.4L 5 Cylinder AAB #9679; Diesel 2.5L TDI 5 Cylinder ACV installed with a catalytic converter exhaust gasoline recirculation turbo charger and a fee environment intercoolerModels Covered: #9679; Van 800 Van 1 000 Van 1 200 #9679; Caravelle CL and GL #9679; Bus (long-and-short wheelbase)Index: #9679; system #9679; Clutch #9679; Transmission and Final Drive #9679; Drive Shafts #9679; Steering #9679; Front suspension system #9679; backside suspension system #9679; Wheels and Tyres #9679; brake system #9679; Electrical System #9679; BodyworkWiring Diagram - 1.9 Litre Diesel system: #9679; Engine Type ABL Alternator Battery beginner Motor #9679; Ignition / beginner turn #9679; Control product for radiance Time and fatigue petrol Return program (EGR)

Volkswagen VW Transporter 1954 1967 Service Repair Manual Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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Get other VW transporter repair manuals here Volkswagen VW Transporter 1954 - 1967 Owners Workshop Manual is a Re-issue of Autobooks manual.Models Covered: Volkswagen Van Pick-Up 1200cc 1954 - 1964 Volkswagen Kombi Micro-Bus 1200cc 1954 - 1964 Volkswagen Van Pick-Up 1500cc 1963 - 1967 Volkswagen Kombi Micro-Bus 1500cc 1963 - 1967Contents: Engine Fuel System Ignition System Cooling and Heating System Clutch Transmission Rear Axle and Suspension Front Suspension Steering Braking System Electrical System Wiring Diagram for 1200 Transporter (30hp) Wiring Diagram for 1200 Transporter (34hp) Wiring Diagram for Transporter from August 1962 and Chassis Number 971.550 Wiring Diagram for Transporter with 12 Volt System (from August 1966 and Chassis Number 217.000.001) Bodywork .

Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 Petrol Only 1996-1999 Brooklands Books Ltd UK

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NEW softcover 200 pages VW Volkswagen Transporter T4 Petrol Only 1996 - 1999 Workshop Manual protects all T4 Petrol Models from January 1996 to 1999.Engines protected: 1.8 litre 4 Cylinder Carburettor machines 2.0 litre 4 Cylinder Digifant Fuel Injected motors 2.5 litre 5 Cylinder Digifant gasoline Injected motors Models Covered: Van 800 Van 1 000 and Van 1 200 Caravelle CL and GL coach (long and short wheelbase) Note: Does Not Protect Four Wheel Drive Models Contents: four-cylinder Petrol machines Clutch Transmission and Final Drive Drive Shafts Steering Front Suspension Rear suspension system and backside Axle Wheels and Tyres brake system electric System Five Cylinder Petrol Engines Bodywork fault-finding Wiring Diagrams: Wiring drawing - electric battery X Contact Relief device II Wiring Diagram - Ignition / Starter turn Immobiliser Wiring drawing - Fresh Air Blower outdoors Blower turn Glove area Lamp Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Ins

Volkswagen Transporter Air cooled Petrol 1979 1982 UK

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Volkswagen Transporter (Air-cooled) Petrol 1979 - 1982 manual covers: Transporter with air-cooled flat-four engines 1979 - 1982. 1.6 litre (1584cc) and 2.0 litre (1970cc) air-cooled engines. Covers both manual and automatic transmissions. Does NOT cover alternative body or camper conversions produced by specialist manufacturers. Does NOT cover water-cooled or Diesel engines.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.

Volkswagen VW EuroVan (Transporter) 1992 - 1999 Owners Service and Repair Manual

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Softback 2420 pages - - Volkswagen Eurovan: Official Factory Repair Manual 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Gasoline Diesel Tdi 5-Cylinder and VR6 Including Multivan and CV.The two volumes of this Volkswagen Official Factory Repair Manual present the service and repair information for Volkswagen EuroVan EuroVan MultiVan (including Weekender) and EuroVan CV Camper (commonly known as Westfalia camper) models sold in the USA and Canada.Engines and transmissions covered.2.8 Liter VR6 gasoline (engine code AES)2.5 Liter 5-cylinder gasoline (engine code AAF ACU)2.5 Liter TDI diesel (engine code ACV)2.4 Liter diesel (engine code AAB)02B and 02G 5-speed manual transmissions098 and 01P 4-speed automatic transmissions.For the professional automotive technician this manual i

The Volkswagen Transporter, based found on the Volkswagen Group's T platform, today inside its fifth generation, pertains with a series of vans yielded over 60 years plus advertised internationally.

The T series is today considered an official Volkswagen Group automotive platform. plus decades are sequentially called T1, T2, T3, T4 plus T5. Pre-dating the T platform designations, the initially 3 decades were called Type 2, indicating their relative position with the Type 1, or Beetle. As element of the T platform, the initial 3 decades are retroactively called T1, T2 plus T3.

The Transporter range of light commercial cars include a gamut of variants including vans, minivans, minibuses, pick-ups, campervans. Competitors include the Ford Transit, Toyota Hiace plus Mercedes-Benz Vito.

The Volkswagen Type 2, recognized officially because the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, because the Bus or Camper, is a panel van introduced inside 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen because its next auto model. After - plus initially deriving from Volkswagen's initially model, the Type 1 - it was provided the factory designation Type 2.

As among the forerunners of the contemporary cargo plus passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise with forward control competitors inside the United States inside the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, as well as the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2's rear-engine configuration. European competition included the 1960s FF design Renault Estafette as well as the FR design Ford Transit.

Like the Beetle, the van has received many nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", plus, as a result of its recognition throughout the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van".

Brazil contained the last factory inside the globe which yielded the T2. Production inside Brazil ceased about December 31, 2013, due with the introduction of more stringent protection laws inside the nation. This marks the finish of a era with all the rear-engine Volkswagens produced, that initially originated inside 1935 with their Type 1 prototypes.

The concept for the Type 2 is credited with Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon. Pon visited Wolfsburg inside 1946, intending with buy Type 1s for import with the Netherlands, where he saw an improvised parts-mover plus realized anything better was potential utilizing the stock Type 1 pan. He initially sketched the van inside a doodle dated April 23, 1947, proposing a payload of 690 kg plus placing the driver at the front. Production might need to wait, though, because the factory was at ability producing the Type 1.

Whenever capability freed up a prototype acknowledged internally because the Type 29 was yielded inside a brief 3 months. The stock Type 1 pan proven with be too weak thus the prototype selected a ladder chassis with device body construction. Coincidentally the wheelbase was the same because the Type 1's. Engineers reused the reduction gear within the Type 81, permitting the 1.5 lot van with utilize a 25 hp flat 4 engine.

Although the aerodynamics of the initial prototypes were bad, technicians chosen the wind tunnel at the Technical University of Braunschweig with optimize the shape. Easy changes including splitting the windshield plus roofline into a "vee" aided the creation Type 2 achieve a drag coefficient of 0.44, exceeding the Type 1's 0.48. Volkswagen's new chief executive officer Heinz Nordhoff approved the van for creation about 19 May 1949 as well as the initially creation model, today designated Type 2, rolled off the assembly line with debut 12 November. Just 2 models were offered: the Kombi, as well as the Commercial. The Microbus was added inside May 1950, joined by the Deluxe Microbus inside June 1951. In all 9,541 Type 2s were yielded inside their initially year of manufacturing.

An ambulance model was added inside December 1951 that repositioned the gas tank inside front of the transaxle, place the spare tire behind the front seat, plus added a "tailgate"-style back door. These qualities became standard found on the Type 2 from 1955 with 1967. 11,805 Type 2s were integrated the 1951 model year. These were joined with a single-cab pickup inside August 1952, plus it changed the smallest of the Type 2s till all were seriously modified inside 1968.

Unlike alternative back engine Volkswagens, that evolved regularly over time however, not saw the introduction of all-new models, the Transporter not just evolved, nevertheless was completely revised periodically with variations retrospectively called versions "T1" with "T5" But just decades T1 with T3 is enjoyed because straight connected with the Beetle.

The Type 2, together with the 1947 Citroën H Van, are amidst the initial 'forward control' vans inside that the driver was located above the front roadwheels. They began a trend inside Europe, where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1958 RAF-977, 1959 Renault Estafette, 1960 BMC Morris J4, plus 1960 Commer FC equally employed the idea. In the United States, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van plus Greenbrier passenger van went thus far because with copy the Type 2's rear-engine design, utilizing the Corvair's horizontally opposed, air-cooled engine for force. Except for the Greenbrier plus different 1950s–70s Fiat minivans, the Type 2 stayed specific inside being rear-engined. This had been a drawback for the early "barndoor" Panel Vans, that couldn't conveniently be loaded within the back considering the engine cover intruded about inside area, however usually advantageous inside traction plus inside sound.

In late 1967, the next generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 was introduced. It was integrated Germany till 1979. In Mexico, the Volkswagen Kombi plus Panel were yielded from 1970 with 1994. Models before 1971 are usually called the T2a, when models following 1972 are called the T2b.

This second-generation Type 2 lost its distinctive split front windshield, plus was somewhat bigger plus considerably heavier than its predecessor. Its popular nicknames are Breadloaf plus Bay-window, or Loaf plus Bay for brief. At 1.6 L plus 35 kW DIN, the engine was moreover somewhat greater. The fresh model furthermore did away with all the swing axle back suspension plus transfer boxes earlier employed with raise ride height. Instead, half-shaft axles fitted with continual velocity joints raised ride height without the wild changes inside camber of the Beetle-based swing axle suspension. The up-to-date Bus transaxle is normally popular by off-road racers utilizing air-cooled Volkswagen components.
1973–1980 Volkswagen Kombi van
T2 chosen because an ambulance inside Brazil

The T2b was introduced through progressive change over 3 years. The initial models showcased rounded bumpers incorporating a step for utilize whenever the door was open, front doorways which opened with 90° within the body, no lip found on the front guards, distinctive engine hatches, plus crescent air intakes inside the D-pillars. The 1971 Type 2 showcased a fresh, 1.6 L engine with double consumption ports about every cylinder head plus was DIN-rated at 37 kW. An significant change came with all the introduction of front disk brakes plus new roadwheels with brake ventilation holes plus flatter hubcaps. Up till 1972, front indicators are set low found on the nose instead of excellent about either side of the fresh air grille – offering rise with their being nicknamed "Lower Lights". 1972's many prominent change had been a bigger engine compartment to suit the greater 1.7- with 2.0-litre motors within the Volkswagen Type 4, along with a redesigned back end that eliminated the removable back apron plus introduced the greater late tail lights. The air inlets were moreover enlarged to support the improved cooling air requires of the greater machines.

In 1971 the 1600cc Type 1 engine because chosen inside the Beetle, was supplemented with all the 1700cc Type 4 engine – because it was initially tailored for the Type 4 models. European vans kept the possibility of upright enthusiast Type 1 1600 engine however, the 1700 Type 4 became standard for US spec models.
Pre-facelift plus facelifted Volkswagen Kombi vans

In the Type 2, the Type 4 engine was an alternative for the 1972 model year forward. This engine was standard inside models destined for the US plus Canada. Just with all the Type 4 engine did an automatic transmission become accessible for the first-time inside the 1973 model year. Both machines displaced 1.7 L, DIN-rated at 49 kW with all the guide transmission plus 46 kW with all the automatic. The Type 4 engine was enlarged with 1.8 L plus 50 kW DIN for the 1974 model year plus again with 2.0 L plus 52 kW DIN for the 1976 model year. The 1978 2.0 L today showcased hydraulic valve lifters, eliminating the requirement with periodically change the valve clearances because about earlier models. The 1975 plus later U.S. model years received Bosch L-Jetronic electronic gas injection because standard equipment; 1978 was the initial year for electronic ignition, using the hall impact sensor plus digital controller, eliminating maintenance-requiring contact-breaker points. As with all Transporter motors, the focus inside development wasn't about force, yet about low-end torque. The Type 4 machines were considerably more robust plus durable than the Type 1 motors, especially inside Transporter service.

In 1972, for the 1973 model year, outdoor revisions included relocated front turn indicators, squared off plus set high inside the valance, above the headlights. Additionally, square-profiled bumpers, that became standard till the finish of the T2 inside 1979, were introduced inside 1973. Crash protection improved with this change as a result of a compressible structure behind the front bumper. This meant which the T2b was capable of meeting US protection specifications for passenger vehicles of the time, though not needed of vans. The "VW" emblem found on the front valance became somewhat small.

Later model changes were mainly mechanical. By 1974, the T2 had gained its final form. Really late inside the T2's shape existence, throughout the late 1970s, the initial prototypes of Type 2 vans with four-wheel drive were built plus tested.

The Volkswagen Type 2 was the 3rd generation of the Volkswagen Transporter plus was advertised below many nameplates worldwide – including because the Transporter or Caravelle inside Europe, Microbus inside South Africa, plus because the Vanagon inside North plus South America.

Larger plus heavier than its predecessor, the T2, – plus with a more squared plus less rounded styling – the T3 was produced inside Germany from 1979 till 1992. South African creation of the T3 continued, for which marketplace just, till 2002. The T3 was the final generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.

After the T2, the T2/3 - Transporter 2 Generation 3 - initially showcased air-cooled plus subsequently water-cooled motors. Versions yielded inside South Africa from 1990 till 2002 showcased an Audi five-cylinder engine.

Volkswagen advertised the Westfalia camper variant throughout the T3 creation, with qualities including a pop up rooftop, fridge, sink, plus stove.

Examples built between 1980 plus 1985 featured round headlights plus chrome-plated steel bumpers with plastic end-caps. Air-cooled models shortage the lower grill above the radiator of the water-cooled models, except about models with factory air conditioner. 1986 model year cars received revisions including a tachometer, more cloth options, redesigned air conditioner, bigger water-cooled engine with a more advanced engine administration program, plus redesigned transmissions including an optional syncro four-wheel drive. Exterior changes include rectangular headlights plus different paint choices. Alloy wheels, greater plus squarer plastic bumpers with trim over the rocker panels were optional, plus standard equipment about Wolfsburg Edition vans. For 1990 plus 1991 model years, a "Carat" trim level was accessible that included all accessible choices.

All 1980 plus several 1981 models had 8 welded-in metal slats covering the engine ventilation passages behind the back windows. Later models had black plastic 16-slat covers which slotted inside at the best plus screwed down at the bottom.

During the 1980s, the U.S. Army plus Air Force inside Germany selected T3's because administrative cars. In military utilize, the vehicle's nomenclature was "Light Truck, Commercial".

Porsche has built a adaptation called B32 inside a limited edition. The van, based found on the luxurious Carat model, was loaded with the 231 PS 3.2 liter Carrera engine plus was initially developed with help Porsche's testing escapades inside Algeria. Ten of these were built, with several available by Porsche with specialized clients. Porsche themselves equally chosen the Porsche-engined bus with transport staff fast. Top speed was about 135 mph, though Porsche just stated 116 mph with guarantee which the numbers can be replicated with 9 persons inside the vehicle plus with all the air conditioner about full blast.

Oettinger has developed a six-cylinder variation called WBX6. The engine is produced within the "Wasserboxer" engine plus has various well-known components with it. The development of the engine was initially contracted with Oettinger by VW. Oettinger purchased the rights whenever VW decided to not employ it.

With the internal combustion engine plus transaxle installed low inside the back, the T3 had much bigger disk brakes inside the front, plus drums inside the back. Axle fat is truly almost equal on both the front plus back ends of the car. Unlike the T2 before it, the T3 was accessible with facilities including energy steering, air conditioner, force door locks, electrically controlled plus heated mirrors, lighted vanity mirrors, along with a light above the glove box.

The automatic became a standard hydraulic three-speed device, the same 090/010 device because selected inside Audis of the era. These showcased a cast aluminium alloy case for the transmission section, along with a cast iron case for the final drive section.

The 091 guide transmission had been a four-speed device, featuring a lightweight aluminium alloy case; later waterboxers had 5-speed transmission fitted because standard.

The automatic attributes a 1.0 ratio top gear, when the guide qualities a 0.85 top gear.

The oil filler tube for the engine is positioned behind the flip-down license plate door. Many early vans had a twist-on/off fuel limit proper found on the outside simply below plus behind the passenger side door. A locking limit was optional. The spare tyre lies inside a tray below the front of the van, only under the radiator.

There were 4 general petrol engine variants between 1979 plus 1991, with many sub-models. All were overhead-valve push-rod horizontally opposed four-cylinder machines. Available engine choices differed between areas. Aftermarket VW expert Oettinger equally available the WBX6, a six-cylinder adaptation.

1.6 L air-cooled, single Solex 34 PICT-4 carburettor, accessible about non-USA models
2.0 L air-cooled, twin Solex 34 PDSIT-2/3 carburettor or gas injected flat-four inside the 1980 with 1983½ models
1.9 litre engines:
1.9 L water-cooled engine employed for the 1983½ with 1985 models, that chosen a gas injection program termed as "Digijet"
1.9 L 8.6:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
1.9 L 8.6:1 compression ratio, 2E3 or 2E4 carburetor
1.9 L 7.5:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
1.9 L 8.6:1 compression ratio, Bosch Digijet electronic gas injection
2.1 Litre engines:
2.1 L Wasserboxer, selected till the finish of Vanagon importation into the US inside 1991. This engine employed a more advanced engine administration program well-known as Bosch "Digifant I" that today digitally managed ignition timing plus gas delivery.
2.1 L 9:1 compression ratio Wasserboxer
2.1 L 10:1 compression ratio, Digijet injection, just available inside European nations not requiring catalytic converter.

The Wasserboxer showcased an aluminum case, cylinder heads, plus pistons, along with a forged steel crankshaft. The Wasserboxer, because with all VW boxer machines has a gear-driven valvetrain. It additionally showcased Heron, or "bowl-in-piston" sort combustion chambers where the combustion occurs in the piston location, plus not inside the cylinder head.

The switch with water-cooling for the boxer machines was produced mid-year inside 1983. The past generation T2, currently yielded inside Brazil, has been flipped with water-cooled machines because 2005.

Oettinger WBX6
3.2 L VW-Oettinger Wasserboxer, gas injected.
3.7 L VW-Oettinger Wasserboxer, gas injected.

The six-cylinder engine because utilized inside the VW Oettinger WBX6 was developed by VW inside combination with Oettinger for utilize inside the T3. Whenever VW abandoned the project Oettinger took the shape, processed it plus place it available. As such the six-cylinder shares various components with all the four-cylinder Wasserboxer.

US Vanagon model variations included the Vanagon, featuring plastic seats along with a spartan interior; the Vanagon L with optional fabric seats, more upscale interior panels, plus an optional dashboard blower; the Vanagon GL with more equipment, as well as the Westfalia pop-top camper Vanagons, that came inside 2 versions. A Camper variation with integrated kitchen, complete with fridge, the 2 burner stove, plus stainless steel sink with onboard water provide. A fold down back bench seat converted with a bed as well as the pop-top included a fold out bed; these models might rest 4 adults. A 'Weekender ' variation that lacked the fridge, propane stove, plus sink of the full 'camper' versions available an optional removable cabinet with a 12 volt cooler plus self-contained sink. In 1984, the Wolfsburg edition was configured with a back bench seat plus 2 forward facing center seats. Under the bench seat, that folded right down to create full size bed, had been a storage compartment along with a back heater.

Wolfsburg Edition "Weekender" models showcased 2 back facing seats behind the front seats inside region of the centre bench seat along with a table which might fold up within the sidewall – or fold down whenever not used. "Multivan" models showcased Wolfsburg Edition trim plus an inside with rear-facing seats. Wolfsburg Edition plus camper van cars were outfitted for Volkswagen by the Westfalia factory.

Syncros models were produced inside limited numbers from 1985 by 1992, with all the four-wheel drive program added by Steyr-Daimler-Puch Works inside Graz, Austria. With a brief wheelbase plus 48/52 front/rear fat distribution.

Model years 1980 with 1985 had round sealed beam headlights. Subsequent models for North American plus European markets had round sealed beam headlights or small square headlights, with all the main lights outboard plus significant beams inboard. Later models from South Africa returned with round headlight housings for both the main headlights plus high-beams.

The T3 was changed by the T4 inside the US marketplace inside 1993. Top-of-the-line Wolfsburg Edition Westfalia Campers, that had all choices, were at the best of the cost range. Additionally to the camper models, a Carat trim level was accessible for 1990 plus 1991 model years. This model included all choices accessible for the Transporter configuration. Many models had optional aluminum alloy wheels.